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Saturday, 28 November 2015

槟理大考古团2009年发现 布秧河谷起古皇朝遗产 Archaeologists find prehistoric building in 2009

(双溪大年2009年)以槟城理科大学文物研究系为首的考古团,在布秧河谷进行考察时掘获属于第三世纪(超过1780年)的古代皇朝文化遗产,包括数座建筑物及炼铁厂等!
理科大学校长丹斯里拿督祖基菲指出,随着这项新发现,相信将为布秧河谷古代皇朝写下一页新里程碑。
他说,该考古团掘获这些古物后,已经将部分文物送往研究中心,并确定了这些古物,是否为第三世纪的文物。
他表示,这也是在全东南亚一带,拥有最悠久历史的出土文物,相信将为东南亚文化考古学奠下了一个良好的根基。
理科大学文物系主任间布秧河谷考古团主任莫达教授指出,该团2007年受到文物部委托,在布秧河谷一带进行考古工作,并为该部计划中的“文化古迹公园”进行绘图工作。
他说,在这项计划下,文物部经拨出229万令吉作为这项计划的经费。
他表示,该团2007年在当地考察时,就在布秧河谷的双溪峇都(Sungai Batu),发现了这块拥有丰富文化古迹的油棕园。在这一片方圆约30公里的土地上,同时也发现了30座类似小山的地段,经过挖掘后,在“双溪峇都大道2”旁发现了类似古代皇朝行政部及历史悠久的炼铁厂。
他说,该团较后将一块出土黑炭样本送往美国佛罗里达州检验后,证明该样本属于第三世纪的古物。
他指出,这也是当局在布秧河谷范围内首次发现到古代的炼铁厂,同时也证明了大马古代皇朝已经拥有自己的炼铁工程。
他指出,目前,该团经动用近80成员日以继夜的进行挖掘工作。
Photo from http://svarnabhumi.blogspot.my/

Archaeologists find prehistoric building


SUNGAI PETANI: A group of archaeologists has unearthed two prehistoric buildings from the third century AD in the Bujang Valley in 2009.
The group, from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)’s Centre for Global Archaeological Research, found a building and a smelting factory, following an excavation project in Sungai Batu, Semeling.
Discovered in two areas near an oil palm plantation in Jalan Lencongan Merbok recently, the buildings proved that an ancient civilisation had existed in the Bujang Valley.
USM Vice Chancellor Prof Tan Sri Dzulkifli Abdul Razak disclosed that the discoveries were important historical findings.
He said the date depicted the early beginnings of commercial smelting activities in the Bujang Valley.
The excavation conducted with the cooperation of the National Heritage Department with an approved grant of RM2.3 million by the Unity, Culture, Arts and Heritage Ministry began on Feb 1,2009 with a total of 70 participants, including USM students.
“This finding is solid proof that the prehistoric civilisation depended on basic knowledge, trade and largescale industrial production,” he told reporters after a working visit to the site.
The excavation project was headed by USM Centre for Global Archaeological Research director Prof Madya Dr Mokhtar Saidin, and it resulted in two weeks of digging before the buildings were unearthed.
Dzulkifli said the project was part of a plan to develop the National Heritage Department Bujang Valley Heritage Park.
“The finding at Sungai Batu is different from artifacts found in other sites in the Bujang Valley.
Previously, archaeologists only found buildings that had the characteristics of ancient temples.
“This latest finding at Sungai Batu I were of bricks believed to be from a house or office, and another at Sungai Batu II which functioned as a smelting factory,” he said.
According to Dzulkifli, both findings were important as it could unravel questions as to the real date when civilisation started in the Bujang Valley.
Dr Mokhtar said coal samples found at the foundry were sent for Radiocarbon Dating tests at the Beta Analytic Inc, Florida, US, which confirmed that it dated back to the third or fourth century AD.
He added that the Sungai Batu area would be gazetted as the Bujang Valley Heritage Park in 2010, after research was completed.
The Bujang Valley area consists of almost 300 sq km of land from Gunung Jerai to Sungai Muda, Seberang Perai.
Captain James Low identified the Bujang Valley civilisation after discovering more than 20 temples in Kampung Bujang in 1840.
Research and excavation activities carried out found that the Bujang Valley was a main port in SouthEast Asia from the fifth century AD to 13 century AD. - Bernama 2009

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